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July’s water temps started off unusually HOT (85°) then dropped, normalized and stayed around 81 for the rest of the month. Surf had a low  of 79, high of 85, sound a low of 75 and high of 87. Averages for surf and sound almost identical, surf was 81.9, sound 81.8, Check out the graph. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures. We also had extreme super tides in July and excessive amounts of rain and rainy days.


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June’s water temps gradually increased throughout the month at abour 0.2°/day. Surf had a low of 72, high of 82, sound a low of 78 and high of 85. Average surf was 78.5, sound 81.3, Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.


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History of Soft Plastic Baits, Jim Hutchinson, Editor of The Fisherman Magazine

Radio show from 06/18/18, Ben Ball Host, WTKF 107.1 FM, 1240 AM.


“I’ve got one word for you, Benjamin: plastics. There’s a great future in plastics.”

(From The Graduate, Staring Dustin Hoffman, 1967)


Dr. Bogus: I have a guest, Jim Hutchinson, who is the managing editor of The Fisherman Magazine. I subscribe to TFM when I lived on Long Island back in the 1970s. I have actually written bunch of articles for it. I like the magazine and subscribe to it still even though a lot of the info is north of us, but there is enough articles in there…we’ve interviewed a lot of your writers Jim!

Jim Hutchinson: I’m sure you have, we used to have the mid-Atlantic edition, Eric Burnley and Chris Dollar great guys ran that magazine and we all miss it, I get e-mails and phone calls all the time people asking to have that old mid-Atlantic edition again that covers the Delmarva Peninsula to North Carolina.

Dr. Bogus: I finally got to you because you wrote an article recently and it caught my attention on the history of soft plastic baits. I’m sure s lot of people out there don’t remember the first time they used a soft plastic bait…boy I sure do! Do you Jim?

Jim Hutchinson: I do, but it’s funny, because you started that “Graduate” intro and throughout writing this article and the research I kept laughing about that line too. I do and I alluded to that in the article the whole concept of the crossover. I grew up at the Jersey Shore but found my way into this freshwater lake at a country club. Some friends and I figured a way  to sneak in to the back and that was when I saw a largemouth bass for the first time and we were catching pickerel and sunnies and stuff, but when we saw the largemouth bass it was like looking at the eddies in the distance. It prompted us to go out and try to find something to throw at this fish to catch it. And it was a plastic frog that worked for the first time, and for the life of me I cannot remember what that frog was called. But that was not only my first foray as a kid into mail-order catalogue shipments for mail-order items it was also my first opportunity to catch a largemouth and it led to that crossover with using these plastics that we found on that lake then figuring out that gee these work on saltwater as well.

Dr. Bogus: Well I remember specifically for me it’s when I lived on Long Island I was a hungry post-doc and so I was trying to gather all the protein I can on a post-doc’s salary. And I remember fishing the Shinnecock Canal. It’s a tidally operated lock canal that connects the Atlantic Ocean with Peconic Bay, and every spring, right around Mother’s Day the weakfish/ gray trout would come through that canal and locks to Peconic Bay to spawn. And being a tidally operated lock system, when the tide was going the wrong way it would close up. And so we would fish that area just on the ocean side and the first bait I used was one of Jim Bagley’s Salty Dogs, which was a plastic tail of a shrimp that you put on a lead jig head. I remember one day, one Mother’s Day by the way, that I brought home 40-pounds of weakfish.

Ben Ball: I was very late to this game, mine was on a Thanksgiving Day actually fishing for a gray trout in the Haystacks using a lead-head with a plastic worm on it.

Dr. Bogus: One of the things you mentioned Jim was the idea of the crossover bait, you know there are so many baits that were designed…you know like Rat-L-Traps, spinner baits etc. that were really freshwater, not only freshwater but really bass baits that have really taken hold as far as saltwater fishing as well.

Jim Hutchinson: It’s funny you mention trout whether gray trout or weakfish, whatever, The jelly worm the Mann’s Jelly Worm which was developed on a stove-top for largemouth bass. But talking about what you put on a jig head. I think that that was the second time I was introduced to plastics in saltwater fishing, was a neighbor of ours when I was a kid had introduced me to a Mann’s Jelly Worm on a bucktail on the jetty rocks for weakfish. I every once and awhile I see a saltwater crossover, a lure or tactic into freshwater, but for the most part it seems that things cross from freshwater over to saltwater.

Dr. Bogus: Yes including the flies as well, that’s absolutely true. And it’s funny that we both discovered that sort of thing targeting weakfish! Let’s go back to some of the…I remember mine from the 1970s, you from about the same era, but really the first ones were a bit before that. Can you give us a bit of the early history of the first soft plastics Jim?

Jim Hutchinson: That was what was fun about doing this article, and I kind of couch it by saying there is a lot…if you go back to some of the manufacturers, they tell you a little about their history and I got a lot from Capt. Jim White, a book of his (How to fish Soft plastics in Saltwater). But really what I had done was to go through, and we started putting together some of the earliest remembrances, the Creme Lure Company for example. Creme has created a couple of lures, the Creme Scoundrels and a lot of these and a lot of these I hadn’t really heard of. So we’re going back into the 1930s and 1940s, and it’s funny to think that if you use The Graduate as a frame of reference from the 1960s, to think that there are already plastic lures and soft plastics in place before that, that’s kind of funny. One of the shocking ones, and Dr. Bogus and I had shared some e-mails about it, was a popular Storm bait that had come out early 2000s, it was a Storm plastic paddle tail swimmer and a lot of the guys had picked up on that for striped bass and it was for the most part very, very unique, nobody has ever seen anything like that and it was produced by the folks at Storm. But before that there was a bait by Panther Martin and Panther Martin, lot of folks know them from their little spinners, the little spinners with the blades for fresh water. But they had developed a molded plastic swim bait much earlier than that, they went back 30 years or something like that. That was pretty interesting.

Dr. Bogus: We think that the flavored baits we have are really the top of the line, but they had flavored baits well before us, right Jim? Even jelly flavored worms!

Jim Hutchinson: My understanding, I talked with Scott Wall from the Mann’s Bait Company to figure where that “Jelly Worm” name came from. It was from the jelly. It was Tom Mann back in the 1960s tinkering around with the bait he started putting in flavors and colors he put in some jelly preserves to see what would happen and lo and behold a lightbulb went off in his head…”I’m going to go with this.” And here it is all these years later… I called a couple of folks about the Mann’s Jelly Worm earlier this winter, when I was doing this story and lo and behold people still carry them in saltwater shops because they are still the “go to” when fishing for gray trout on a bucktail.

Ben Ball: I’ve caught cat fish on an old peanut butter and jelly sandwich before.

Dr. Bogus: There have been other flavors that people have used, I remember people, they may still do it, I’ve seen people sprinkle garlic powder on their baits, or use licorice. You’re laughing but it’s true!

Ben Ball: You’ve threatened using gummy bears.

Dr. Bogus: I sold them in my store!

Jim Hutchinson: I’ve seen photos, the magazine gets photos from families…dad uses some Gulp! the kid says wow that stuff looks like this and they will put out a Gummy Worm. I’ve had photos where the fluke was caught on a Gummy Bear.

Dr. Bogus: One of the things that some of those early baits, either soft plastics or even the rubber ones, the tubes, they didn’t have a lot of action. So back in the 1970s finally we has some baits with personality, little curly-tail action. How did that come about?

Jim Hutchinson: Necessity is the mother of invention! You started taking these plastics and these worms just never had much action, YOU imparted the action and so the work looked like a worm, so you jigged it up and down or just gave it a little wiggle but eventually they started getting into the whole curly-tail. And again, it’s one of those things that’s kind of neat to look at because those curly-tail shad, those paddle tail shads, when they first came out in the 1970s, they were great for fresh water and the manufacturers would gear it to the freshwater market. But when you start bringing it across to saltwater, people find they start working. It was sometime in the 1990s when a friend of mine had given me my first molded shad and that was something that had been used over in the freshwater market. Then the guys started dragging these big umbrella rigs for striped bass up in north Jersey and the New York Bight and you would attach these rubber shads to the umbrella rigs. Well we just started free-weighting them around jetties and they had such a realistic swim. But you know it was around that time in the 1970s to come up with something to make the bait to look like it’s swimming that really launched everything. Dr. Bogus as you know if anyone is talking about flounder fishing, what’s the one thing…make sure you have that paddle tail Gulp!, that swimming mullet. Think about how the technology has caught up with scents not just the scents but the whole chemical research into the way a fish strikes.

Ben Ball: Metal plastic, sometimes wood is Doc’s mantra.

Dr. Bogus: Jim, we were talking about some of the materials, I’m a chemist so I was always interested in the development going from polyvinyl chloride (PVC), to polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH-Gulp! baits), to silicones. That development has been interesting to watch especially from the environmental aspects as well.

Jim Hutchinson: Freshwater anglers and lakes seem to be under assault from the earliest as far as trying to keep those lakes free of anything that is not biodegradable. And you look back at those big baits that have that curly-tail action they thought of using some of those chemicals like PVC and materials that don’t biodegrade. So it has been something that been, really in the last decade that started with the folks at Berkley with Gulp!, and to the best of my knowledge it’s not fully biodegradable, it biodegrades after a long time.

Ben Ball: And you want to keep your plastic baits separate you’ll end up with a gooey mess!

Jim Hutchinson: You learn that lesson ONE time where you try to keep your plastics all separated, and when you don’t that’s a fun way to start your spring after a long winter.

Dr. Bogus: Yah, you have to scrape things out with a spatula!

Jim Hutchinson: That’s something I see that we will continue to go through in the next few years in terms of development, is folks trying to develop these lures that are fully biodegradable and still have that incredible action.

Dr. Bogus: One of the baits you mentioned earlier Jim were the Storm baits and that was an interesting development as well by not just having something you put on a jig head but the embedded weights and embedded rattles too.

Jim Hutchinson: Absolutely and that’s the thing, when Storm came out in the early 2000s, they really took the striper world by storm. But I mentioned that there would be the Vivif by Panther Martin that predated that. It doesn’t really matter who came first, but when people found that molded plastic it was like “Oh my God this is great.” The first problem we had was when bluefish and other toothy critters…hahahah!

Dr. Bogus: You know how that goes!


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David Ross, PhD (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, WHOI), Effect of barometric pressure on fish.

Radio show from 04/09/18, Ben Ball Host, WTKF 107.1 FM, 1240 AM.


Dr. Bogus: I have from time to time talked about what I call my library club, my book club, and one of my favorite books on the shelf is called the Fisherman’s Ocean, subtitled How Marine Science can help you find and catch more fish. That sounds like something I’d be interested in…right? So we have David Ross who is Emeritus Professor at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Good Morning David.

David Ross: Good morning how are you? We’re doing great this morning, what’s the weather like on Cape Cod? It’s still pretty cool out here, but the snow is gone, and it’s starting to warm up so I’m getting optimistic. Hearing your fishing report kind of gets me even more itchy. Could be worse, could be better.

Dr. Bogus: This has been a trying winter and spring and one of the reasons why your book has been one that I have used a lot and is on my bookshelf, we’re both scientists and I’ve always had the thought, and this is what I do on the radio show, “know thy fish…catch more fish” is my approach to fishing coming from the background that we have both come from. What is your background Dave?

David Ross: I’m actually an oceanographer and most of my research has been in the Middle East, but I took some early retirement that’s why I’m emeritus, still working at the institution. And decided to use my marine science knowledge and combine it with my fishing interest, I’m a fisherman, I catch fish, I eat fish, I catch them on fly rods, on catch them on spin I catch them trolling. So I started writing a bunch of articles about science and fishing. I started writing for a magazine called Saltwater Fly Fishing. I wrote about 60 articles and it turns out at that time I was the only guy doing that, and there really isn’t that much science on fishing, on the kind of fishing you and I like to do. Then I combined it into this book, which is in its eight printing, to my amazement. I still write things and more recently I wrote an article, which I think caught your attention about barometric pressure is it important for fishing or not. So I still give talks and fish a lot, I live on the water. I have a boat that came from Morehead City; I have a Jones Brother’s boat that I use. I fact I visited MHC in 1965 coming up on a cruise, a research cruise and ended up judging the Miss Bluefin Marlin Festival…which itself is a story which we don’t have enough time probably to cover, but it was kind of an amazing experience.

Ben Ball:  It’s the Big Rock Blue Marlin Tournament now!

David Ross: If they need another judge just let me know.

Dr. Bogus: We have David Ross from WHOI on Cape Cod; we’re talking about environmental factors that influence fish. We’re going to get to barometric pressure momentarily, but what are some of the other environmental factors that when the fish are who they are? Of course one of my favorites is water temperature, decided who and when but are some of the other ones that really decide that?

David Ross: Up here on the Cape, water temperature certainly is important, but probably tides and tidal currents are the most important thing up here. Fish are opportunistic as you know and magnificent creatures, I’m a big fan fish. I think they are wonderfully evolved, that have things that they can do much better than humans. Their sense of smell for example is about 1,000 times better than the dog and the dog is about 1,000 times better than a human so fish can smell about a million times better than us. But tide is very important, temperature is important, presence of bait, time of day can actually be important, turbulence as it may affect oxygen content in the water. I see fish as being very opportunistic creatures and if there is food, of if there is the right structure which can trap or trap bait, they are going to take advantage of it. Fish have been around for about 450 million years or so, we have found fish that old, and they have evolved to the environment superbly. The only problem is that they haven’t learned anything about electronic devices or nets, so in that respect it’s our advantage. On the Cape, we get pretty much have similar fish that you do but not all the same, stripers, bluefish, false albacore, bonito, offshore tuna. Bottom fish like tautogs, black sea bass…by the way, climate change is affecting us up here.

Dr. Bogus: How are you noticing that?

David Ross: Well several ways, we see fish species coming a little bit earlier, we see black sea bass is a wonderful example of this. Black sea bass really wasn’t an important fishery until a few years ago, it was more of a middle-Atlantic fishery, now because of the warmer temperatures the black sea bass have moved up here and it’s a big cash fishery up here last couple of years and beautiful fish and a lot of them. We see lobsters who like cool water moving farther north, so their range is changing. A lot of fish of course can tolerate a decent range of temperatures, but there are temperatures that they prefer. But the sea bass and their presence is certainly a good example of how changing temperatures is affected the fisheries here.

Dr. Bogus: One of the claims that you always hear from fishermen is that…boy you know that there is a storm coming, the fish know it and I’m going to have a great day as that front, hurricane or Nor’easter or something comes up the coast. And that’s the claims Dave, but what is the reality? How can you determine, decide whether what side of that log you’re on? Does barometric pressure really influence fish or doesn’t it? We know that they have their air bladders…sooooo

David Ross: A hundred questions, first of all fish cannot predict the future. Humans cannot predict the future, so let’s not give fish too much credit, they can’t do that. When we talk about barometric pressure we’re talking about the marine environment, and I’m not talking about fish that live in the top one or two feet of water. Let me make a strong statement, barometric pressure has NO effect on marine fish, no effect. And let me explain why. The barometric pressure is the result of the 160 miles or so of atmosphere bearing down on the land and ocean, and we call that one-atmosphere right about sea level. But because water weighs so much more, and is so much denser than the atmosphere, you only have to go down 32.8 feet in the ocean to have another atmosphere of pressure. In other words, 32.8-feet of water equals the entire pressure of the atmosphere. So what if for example a fish is swimming along nicely and a 3-foot wave not a big wave, comes along every 3 or 4 or 6-seconds, that change in pressure that that fish is experiencing is equivalent to the change in pressure for a hurricane like Katrina, which took 2-days. So in the space of 6-seconds our fish is experiencing a change in pressure equal to Katrina…every 6-seconds. Suppose the fish goes ups and downs, to take a lure goes up 3-feet same thing! A tide goes 3-feet, same thing. Basically it’s like this, you and I are talking, but as we’re talking, there’s also some lady talking in Miami, do you hear her?

Dr. Bogus: Not yet!

David Ross: That’s the point. Now barometric pressure when it changes and it changes very slowly, brings other things, changes in cloud cover, maybe wind direction, maybe changes in temperature, maybe changes in turbulence…what have you. Now those things might influence fishing. And coming back to fish and their bladders, fish can tolerate an awful lot of things, like human beings. When you swim in the water you can dive down quite a bit, fish are even better at this, so a change in barometric pressure and neat as it sounds, is really some change in the weather pattern that’s happening and some fishermen think that this is great and they’re going to catch more fish. And I’m of the opinion that is you really think you are going to catch fish, and you go out there and you are intense about it you are usually going to do better than if you go out and just be casual about it.

Ben Ball: That’s Dr. Bogus’ feeling too!

Dr. Bogus: Absolutely!

David Ross: You try harder, you change your lures if nothing is working, you move around, you’re more enthusiastic and usually you do better. But barometric pressure I’m sorry to say, the physics just aren’t there, just doesn’t make a bloody difference to the fish.

Dr. Bogus: I‘ve been trying to convince people that for years and you always get a lot of blow-back on that because people have their experiences that they say…“look well see this, I did great that day”.

David Ross: Ask them what color underwear they had, that may have just as much an effect. 

Dr. Bogus: David, one of the things you mentioned in your article that I read, is a term I use a lot, “east is least and west is best,” why don’t you tell us why.

David Ross: Well, I wish I completely knew. I my case it’s the wind direction and where it comes from and I think that’s always important when you’re fishing and you have a tide or moving current, where the water comes from. And if the water comes from the east it’s really not going to have much bait in it and it’s not going to be as attractive as water that is coming from the west. We also have a lot of protective areas, a lee area so a west breeze, the water coming from the west is preferable. But fish got to be somewhere, they are not going away, so you can still catch fish when the wind is bad, you just got to know where to go and you got to do it a little differently. Like I say, fish are great creatures, they don’t stop eating because the wind isn’t blowing in the right direction and if they see something that’s good to eat they’re going to take it. You just have to be there and take advantage of different conditions. But you’re right, and we have another expression up here, “it’s no use if it’s not chartreuse”.

Dr. Bogus: Absolutely.

David Ross: And that to me is an amazing one, because as an oceanographer I can tell you that there is nothing, nothing natural in the ocean that’s chartreuse, nothing!

Ben Ball:  I know, isn’t that interesting.

David Ross: There’s a reason, chartreuse is a color that is seen further away than most other colors, so it’s visible, so that’s why if everything else is equal, somebody has chartreuse it’s more visible for a fish than most other colors.

Dr. Bogus: Most fish are sight feeders so that really makes a big difference.

David Ross: Well, I might not 100% in agreement with that, they are sight feeders at the last moment.

Dr. Bogus: Right.

David Ross: But often they are attracted by noise, and by smell. I remember some experiences fishing on some of our flats area where nothing was biting at all and a friend of mine pulled out the ugliest fly you’d ever seen, but it had a rattle in it, he threw it out and boy you can see the fish just change direction the first time that rattle and go attack that ugly, ugly fly. So different things, different times and whatever.

Ben Ball: You said your book is in its eighth printing.

David Ross: Yah, much to my amazement. If I may, I make pennies on the book, but I love to recommend the book, and I’ve written a lot of books on oceanography, so this is not my source of income. The book has in my opinion a really good section on tides and tides are one of the most complex things in the ocean, it’s really a complex phenomenon. So I think if you read this the average fisherman may might have a better feeling or understanding for tides and that in itself might be worth the price of the book.

Ben Ball: And here with our tides, again similar to you only we have a south facing beach.

Dr. Bogus: We have a south facing beach we have Bogue Sound and we have the ocean and a barrier island.

David Ross: I understand, I would be complicated. In fact if I was down fishing down there, which I haven’t done for a long time, I think the first thing I would do is get in touch with a charted guy or go to a fishing store just trying to learn about the tides.

Ben Ball: I imagine you get that question about barometric pressure all the time, just like Dr. Bogus does. But it’s the ancillary things that are happening around it.

David Ross: That’s really the case

Dr. Bogus: They are associated with a lot of changes that the fish can key in on.


Check out The Fisherman’s Ocean, How marine science can help you find and catch more fish. By David A Ross, PhD.


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May’s water temps jumped up after a slow start. Surf had a low of 60, high of 76, sound a low of 63 and high of 80. Average surf was 69.2, which was + 11 From April’s average, sound 74.3, +14 above April’s average. Check out the graph.


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Another chilly month for water temperatures! Surf at Bogue Pier ranged from a low of 53° to a not very high of 63° with an average of 57.8° (blue diamonds) nearly 7° above March. Bogue Sound had a low of 53° and a high of 68° with an average of 60.3° (red squares), about 10° higher than March. Temps did increase during the month but still ended up below normal.

The below plot shows the temperatures since 1996, the black curve is the average data over that time. The BIG red circles are 2018 temperatures, almost all below the average curve.

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Baked bluefish encrusted in horseradish-mayonnaise sauce, Dr.Bogus



8-Bluefish fillets (two per person from the one to two pound bluefish)

1-Cup mayonnaise

¼-Cup horseradish

2-t Lemon juice

1-t Worcestershire sauce

Salt & pepper to taste

1-Onion thinly sliced



  • Place bluefish fillets on a lightly buttered aluminum sheet on your broiler pan.
  • Prepare a thick paste of mayonnaise, horseradish lemon juice and Worcestershire sauce and spread it over each fillet.
  • Garnish each fillet with slices of onion, sprinkle some freshly ground pepper and salt over the fillets.
  • Bake at 400-degrees until the paste is has a bubbly brown crust, the onions start to brown and the fish is moist and flaky.
  • Serves 4.

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Salsa Bluefish, Dr. Bogus



8-Bluefish fillets (two per person from the one to two pound bluefish)


2-Jalapeno peppers (more if you are like me)


1-T Lime juice

Dry cilantro (or fresh if you have it), coriander and salt to taste



  • Place bluefish fillets on a lightly oiled sheet of aluminum foil on a broiler pan.
  • In a food processor, chop onion, and jalapeno and tomato along with the cilantro, coriander salt, into a salsa. Add the lime juice and stir. For better taste, the salsa can be made ahead and allowed to marinate prior to use.
  • Spoon the fresh salsa onto the fillets with a slotted spoon to minimize excess liquid.
  • Cook at 375°, just until the bluefish flakes apart, not to dryness please!
  • Serves 4.


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What a bizarre month yet AGAIN! , Surf at Bogue Pier ranged from a low of 48° to a not very high of 54° with an average of 51.0° (blue diamonds) just a few tenths above February. Bogue Sound had a low of 41° and a high of 58° with an average of 50.3° (red squares), 4-degrees BELOW February. A plot through the data gave a flat horizontal line with a slope of zero. What a strange winter now early spring! By this weekend (April 7) surf temps normally are 59°/60°. So much for normal.


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What a bizarre month yet AGAIN! , Surf at Bogue Pier ranged from a low of 42° to an unexpected high of 60° with an average of 50.4° (blue diamonds). Bogue Sound had a low of 40° and a high of 68 (yikes)° with an average of 54.3° (red squares). Wild fluctuations indeed with a slope of the fitted line you see in the graph of the surf temps of almost 0.5°/day. What a strange winter! Remember the average surf for this past January was 44.8 and for the sound 41.0.