Surf had a Low of 55°, high of 67° with an average of 62.1°. Sound had a Low of 50° and high of 71° and an average of 64.1°. April was at or above normal for the month and the average surf was about 6° above last month. A straight line through the temps shows a 0.3°/day rise in surf temperatures. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.
Emerald Isle Water Temperatures for March 2019
Surf had a high of 61°, low of 50° with an average of 55.9°. Sound had a high of 62° and low of 47° and an average of 55.3°. March was at or above normal for the month and about 5° above a chilly March 2018. A straight line through the temps shows a 0.2°/day rise in surf temperatures. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.
These are daily surf temps at Bogue Pier: 55, 54, 53, 55, 50, 52, 53, 53, 53, 57, 55, 55, 54, 57, 60, 59, 57, 56, 57, 55, 57, 56, 56, 57, 59, 59, 55, 55, 58, 60, 61
Emerald Isle Water Temperatures for February 2019
Surf had a high of 58°, low of 48° with an average of 52.5°. Sound had a high of 58° and low of 45° and an average of 51.8°. January was at or above normal for the month. A straight line through the temps is nearly flat with a slight rise towards the end of the month. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.
Daily surf temps at Bogue Pier 50, 50, 52, 52, 52, 53, 55, 58, 52, 48, 52, 52, 53, 52, 49, 55, 51, 53, 52, 50, 53, 54, 50, 56, 53, 52, 55, 57
Munchers and crunchers, the winter tautog By Dr. Bogus (2006)
Businesses oft tout 24/7 access, but the mantra of coastal Carolina anglers goes one step farther, 24/7/12 for the 12-month, year round access to saltwater fishing opportunities. During so called off season months, anglers along the central coast can venture out to the “east side” of the Cape Lookout Shoals for big king mackerel, work the shoals for the winter run of stripers or venture out to the “Knuckle” for a giant, that is the giant bluefin tuna. But how about us bottom feeders, us lead bouncers? What do we do when the last of the sea mullet are gone and even the final contingent of the puffers, the blow toads have moved on?
How about trying the blackfish, a.k.a. tautog or just ‘tog for short. So what’s a ‘tog you ask? Her in North Carolina they even seem to get less respect than puffers, but both are some of the best table fare known. Lee Padgett (Cedar Point), a transplant from Northern Virginia and a long time ‘tog fisherman, brought his taste for ‘tog from Virginia. “When I came down here, nobody knew what they were,” explained Padgett.
These feisty fighters and are truly premiere munchers and crunchers of the fish family, crunching on gastropods, mollusks and crustaceans, and unlike many local targeted summer fish species have a wide range of cold water tolerance. Pick a calm mild winter Carolina day, with water temperatures in the 50s and you can safely venture out for these delectable fish.
To get the scoop on the finer points of ‘tog fishing, I stopped by Joe’s Pro Bait and Tackle Shop on the Causeway in Atlantic beach and talked to owner, Joe Ward.
“Yes, we have tautogs down here,” affirmed Ward. “Our fish don’t get as large down here as they do up north. I think they can get up to 18 to 20-pounds some places offshore up north, but our average fish here is about a couple pounds maybe. I’ve caught them personally up to six-pounds,” said Ward.
Baits? “They are crustacean eaters,” said Ward. “So baits would be some fresh shrimp if you can get them, and sand fleas too. They use what they call a green crab up north but we don’t have those down here, fiddler crabs will work, rock crabs will work too,” explained Ward.
Shrimp is easy, but how about crabs in the winter? “You can get all the rock crabs you want even through the winter,” said Ward. “You have to find some rocks lying around along the sound shoreline that you can flip over, or you can knock the oysters off a wall or other structure and scoop them up in little nets. The wall, like in the Morehead Port, if you take a spade and you knock some of the oysters off, you can see the little crabs in there. You can pick them out or have a little dip net, that when the oysters fall off, because the crabs will release from the oysters, and the crabs don’t fall as fast,” described Ward. “You can get fiddler crabs on any day that it warms up. Some of the companies package them dead too. Sand fleas are packaged dead, you can get all those you want,” said Ward.
Another approach is to think ahead, some people will gather sand fleas (mole crabs) when they are plentiful in the summer and freeze them straight or par-boil them then freeze them.
What is Ward’s favorite bait for the tautog? “Shrimp…in the early fall I like to use a live shrimp that’s dead (i.e. recently deceased), and just cut it into little pieces, that way it’s real fresh,” said Ward.
Tautog, like are totally structure oriented and are in many ways similar to sheepshead in that respect.“ Absolutely,” said Ward, “they eat barnacles, and all the growths off the rocks. You’ve got to be getting hung up or you are not where the fish are.” “I’ve caught lots of tautog when I’m fishing live shrimp at the Cape Lookout Rock Jetty as an incidental catch (while trout fishing), if I let my bobber get too close to the rocks. It will just amaze you, when all of a sudden you will be into a tautog if you let it get too close. I’ve caught hundreds on the Cape Lookout Rock Jetty, they are right around the base of it”
According to Ward, other local hot spots include the Ft. Macon rock jetty at the State Park, where Ward has landed some nice ones up to 5-pounds there, the rock jetty off Radio Island that goes into the Beaufort Channel, the rock pile off the Barge Wreck (just west of Cape Lookout) and some of the inshore artificial reefs like AR 315 and 320.
To the west, Padgett has found ‘tog at the Emerald Isle Bridge and rocky areas along the Intracoastal Waterway in the Cedar Point. “The earliest I’ve ever caught them was a few years ago in August, fishing the (Morehead) port walls. But I catch the most from October into February or early March, when the water starts to warm, said Padgett.
Lee Manning, who runs the Nancy Lee Fishing Charters (Swansboro), also has some favorite spots, fishing the nearshore rocks out of Bogus Inlet. “We catch most in the fall and spring,” said Manning, “usually two to three per day as a by-catch, while bottom fishing for sea bass with squid for bait. Most are one to two-pounds but occasionally we do catch some three to five-pound tog too,” Manning explains. “Most of the fish we catch are on the rock ledges just out of Bogue Inlet, Keypost Rocks, 45-Minute Rock, Station Rock and Lost Rock, they are right on the ledges. They do have pretty teeth if you need a tooth transplant,” smiled Manning.
“For ‘tog rigs, you don’t have to get fancy,” said Ward. “You want to use small strong hooks with either a Carolina type rig or a more traditional type bottom rig, with a single hook though. You’ll need 30 to 50-pound test on there with very small hooks, probably number-sixes or maybe a number-four. The circle hooks that some of the companies are making, in the heavier versions like Gamakatsu work real well for some, but I prefer one of the Octopus style hooks,” explained Ward.
Padgett also uses standard fare of rigs, actually a standard two-hook bottom-rig with number-two hooks…and remember to take off your pyramid sinkers for more structure friendly bank sinkers, or you will pay the price in hang-ups.
Getting the tautog to bite is one thing, hooking them is another. Just like sheepshead, often by the time you try to set the hook, it’s already too late. They’re gone and so is your bait. Here is Padgett’s approach, tried and true and perfected (or nearly so) over many years. “I drop the bait down and twitch it from time to time,” describes Padgett. “With crunchy baits, I use the three-tap approach to hooking them. When they first bite, you first feel two light taps, supposedly they are they are crushing the shells and spitting out the debris. Then on the third tap, they eat the bait, so you set the hook when you feel the third tap,” said Padgett. “When using shrimp or squid I try to set the hook during the first two taps, but sometimes I forget and probably loose some fish though,” sighed Padgett. It’s just hard to change old habits I guess.
Finally remember these fish are good eats, some of the best. “They are one of the best eating fish I’ve ever had, really excellent eating fish,” says Ward. “I fillet and skin all my fish to keep the pollutants out of the food that we eat, and anyway you would prepare a flounder works with a tautog.”
So keep you eye on the weather and seas, and the next time you start to get cabin fever and crave some of our local winter “fruits de la mer”, think blackfish, tautog or just plain ‘tog.
I called several of the local head-boats and none target them. I called Capt. Stacy, Continental Shelf and Carolina Princess. Nancy Lee boats get them as a by-catch when fishing inshore rocks bottom fishing for black sea bass with squid. See Lee Manning quotes in article.
Tautog are found from Nova Scotia to South Carolina.
The roof of the mouth and the pharynx have crushing teeth suitable for breaking and grinding hard-shelled prey. They munchers/crunchers eating gastropods, starfish, crabs, muscles, clams, etc. They have teeth like a babies teeth, thick lips and slimy bodies.
Tautog’s slow growth and seasonal site tenacity may make it susceptible to over fishing. Stock Status designated by ASFMC is overfished. Many northern states have size and creel limits. Populations are at an all-time low. NC has little harvest and is currently not regulated in NC. They reach 11-inches after 3-years, and may live for 30+ years.
NC record 19-lb off Oregon Inlet 1992.
Habitat can include rock reefs, inshore wrecks, rock outcrops, gravel, eelgrass beds, shell beds and kelp, inshore in fairly shallow water (max 60 ft, usually much less). They are active during the day and become quiescent at night. During this lethargic period, individual fish require shelter for protection.
Bait includes clams, mussels, peeler crabs, cut hard crabs, green, sand fleas, hermit and fiddler crabs, shrimp, and squid.
Emerald Isle Water Temperatures for January 2019
Surf had a high of 59 °, low of 45° with an average of 53.1°. Sound had a high of 60° and low of 38° and an average of 48.4°. January was fairly normal, unlike last year’s deep freeze and troutsicles. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.
Coastal Daybreak Radio Show WTKF 107.1, FM 1240 AM, Host Ben Ball. Jacob Krause, Guest 11/5/18
I have a return guest Jacob Krause, NC State graduate student working on his Ph.D. We’ve had a number of shows that we talked about speckled trout with Tim Ellis and now we have talked for several years now with Jacob about weakfish/gray trout. Good morning Jacob, so how are things going?
Jacob Krause: We’re finally at the tail end of the project and we have a lot of results all at once here.
Dr. Bogus: Well having been there…done that, I know the feeling, but unlike you I ended up having a job at another location. I had to finish my thesis writing on Long Island rather than Washington, DC so that took an extra year to finish it up. Why don’t you describe what the project was Jacob, and the approach to deal with the understanding of where the weakfish are. We know that weakfish…we’re down to a one fish 12-inch harvest per day limit, and there is a reason for that. There’s been a big falloff…so what’s the project?
Jacob Krause: So, a little bit of background. The weakfish have been in decline especially since the mid-2000s and the reason for that has been speculated to be predation, not enough spawners, just a multitude of hypotheses but there hasn’t been a really definitive reason for why that is the case. With the decline, as Dr. Bogus pointed out there’s been more restrictions in the take on these fish and right now we are down to one fish over 12-inches. My work is really looking at understanding why the decline in weakfish has happened over the years. We’ve used multiple approaches in order to get at that, what we call mortality or death of these fish that seems to be driving the population downwards. And one approach that we’ve done is to release telemetered fish. Telemetered fish is fish that we track throughout estuarine systems. To date we’ve released 241-fish. Some of those were in Delaware Bay, the majority of them were here in the Bogue Sound vicinity and we’ve also released some fish in the New River.
Ben Ball: They’re tags that you can track when you say telemetered.
Jacob Krause: Exactly, these fish, you actually put receivers that detect these fish within the sounds and there is a large array, a placement of receivers, up and down the East Coast.
Dr. Bogus: Some of these receivers are obviously used for a variety of studies, so you can buy into that right?
Jacob Krause: Exactly, so there is currently ongoing studies off the coast for sand tigers, cobia, sturgeon, just a plethora, so if these fish go anywhere within about 400- to 600-yards of these receivers they’ll get picked up and we will know that that individual fish mover within that specific vicinity.
Dr. Bogus: You have the telemetry fish, you also did the conventional tagging of quite a few fish with the help from some of our friends.
Jacob Krause: Exactly, so I had a lot of help from people here in the area especially with finding out where and when to catch these fish. And all the tags we out were $100 tags, very high reward.
Dr. Bogus: You wanted them (the tags) to come back.
Jacob Krause: We wanted them to come back! And most of those were double tagged fish. Using these two approaches it really came down to that weakfish survival was very low. What we found with the telemetered is that these fish go and overwinter on the Continental Shelf and they should return to the estuaries every spring as they are natal spawners. So much like salmon that come back to the same areas every year, or the same area from which they were spawned so too should weakfish. And what we found is that out of 241 fish, only one fish came back the following spring after that overwintering migration.
Dr. Bogus: Where was that fish located? Where did you find him?
Jacob Krause: That one was released here near the port (Morehead City) and it came back and was detected the following spring down by Emerald Isle.
Dr. Bogus: So very close to where it started from.
Jacob Krause: Exactly! But it did make the appearance that it had left the system in the winter and that it had come back in the following spring.
Dr. Bogus: Is there something that you may conclude from the time frame there, like when you can within 100-days 92% of these came back. Is that significant…the time frame?
Jacob Krause: So the time frame is definitely significant because it’s giving us an idea when this mortality, or when the death is happening for these fish. So for the conventional tagged fish we had about 135 returns out of 3600 tagged fish that we put out. And what we found with that is that 92% came back within 100-days and when we think about that overwintering migration only 5-tags came back after an overwintering migration. So that really points to that these fish are leaving in the winter to deal with the cold water by going off onto the Continental Shelf but they are not coming back the following spring. So both of these really show that we are putting out a lot of tags and very minimal amounts are coming back and it seems to be happening that the mortality is happening during the wintertime.
Dr. Bogus: These fish have…they’re cousins, not kissing cousins, the speckled trout…obviously the biology of these two fish are quite different where they overwinter and probably where even they spawn.
Jacob Krause: Yes, so there is some overlap within the sound but even that I would call they’re different habitats within the sound. So for instance, weakfish here in Bogue Sound you tend to find them in the deeper holes like the port and around the bridges as the speckled trout often times those are found the rock jetties, more the grass beds in the shallower areas and they both have different life history strategies where speckled trout move inshore and overwinter in the creeks and weakfish take the opposite approach and they more offshore to deal with the cold winters.
Dr. Bogus: I’ve noticed that…I can tell when they start to return, I start to catch and actually sometimes mixed in with the speckled trout in like April. Is that usually a time when they come back? And most of the fish that I catch at that time are egg-baring females.
Jacob Krause: Exactly, so around here, I think the earliest we ever caught them was April-first and about two to three weeks later you could definitely tell, as you said, that they were very ripe, the females. And they were coming in to spawn especially near structure around the inlets and they can spawn multiple times, and that usually occurs from April until July, so that can really put out a lot of larvae.
Ben Ball: We used to go fishing for gray trout or weakfish in the Haystacks in around Thanksgiving, that used to be a big time.
Jacob Krause: There is still some of that direction but it’s very minimal. I’ll say that you’re going to catch a speck more times over than a weakfish. It really seems that there are pockets and they really like structure around the port, the bridges and they are very tidal dependent, usually right around the tail ends of slack tide especially high tide.
Dr. Bogus: Your research has to do with dwindling numbers of weakfish/gray trout, so the first question is what are some possible mechanisms for fish mortality that may be responsible?
Jacob Krause: There are two ways from our perspective, that it can be through fishing mortality or natural mortality. Fishing mortality as we’ve said before, there’s been a lot of restrictions and that does not seem to be the cause for the decline in weakfish from at least the early 2000s onwards. And in conjunction there’s natural mortality which are things such as predation, climatic events, disease all contribution and the hypothesis with the most support at this point seems to be predation. But we didn’t have an idea of what those predators were and how much of the weakfish population they could actually consume.
Dr. Bogus: Okay, so then the BIG question is what predators are out there that may or may not consume the weakfish and how do you figure that out? Who is eating our fish before we do?
Jacob Krause: So we did a large review of literature with diet studies and what we found is that striped bass, as a finfish predator definitely consumed weakfish during that winter time period. We also saw that bluefish, summer flounder and spiny dogfish all consumed weakfish, but the most surprising was that bottlenose dolphin also consume weakfish even at higher rates than these finfish predators and to put it into perspective 50% of the diet of a bottlenose dolphin during the winter consists of weakfish.
Dr. Bogus: …and how do we know that?
Jacob Krause: So I worked with collaborators at NOAA Lab and we looked at the diets of stranded bottlenose dolphins so we can see the stomach contents of those dolphins that washed up and we can estimate their consumption of different prey items like weakfish based on their stomach contents.
Dr. Bogus: What other things do the dolphin eat, were there other top snacks?
Jacob Krause: Yes there were top snacks and all fell out to be sciaenids which are the fish that make sounds, so 75% of the diet consisted of weakfish, spot and croaker.
Ben Ball: I noticed on your very colorful chart that for 2013 and 2014 or so looks like it dropped off for the bottlenose dolphin, any speculation there?
Jacob Krause: Yes, so when we estimated the total consumption for the different predators specific for the bottlenose dolphins we had to take into account that there has been two time periods between 1982 and 2014 where there was a large die-off within the bottlenose dolphin population and those were both due to morbillivirus. And we know that based on the increase in the number of strandings two different time periods, the first being 1988 and the second between 2013 and 2015.
Ben Ball: Would a decrease in the major predator like that also subsequently lead to an increase in the weakfish?
Jacob Krause: Yes I would say but our data ends in 2014 so we haven’t seen the product. I will say anecdotally and as we were putting out fish in and 2016 it seems that there were more weakfish and they were of greater size then at the beginning when I started this project in 2014. So there may be some evidence but it’s an ongoing experiment that we will see in future years if the weakfish start to rebound and that there is some good support for this hypothesis.
Ben Ball: But then again the food chain has played a huge roll. So if the dolphin come back, we may see the weakfish decline.
Jacob Krause: Exactly, and the other point to bring out with this is that there are other predators, it’s not just bottlenose dolphins. Striped bass have made a resurgence in the last 15 to 20-years bluefish seem to be coming back according to the stock assessments, spiny dogfish are again almost at all time level highs and summer flounder have been rebuilt. So when we have multiple fish species that are being managed for as many as we can for maximum sustainable yield it might be at the detriment of other fish species.
Dr. Bogus: Is it (predation) happening while over wintering at the continental shelf or in transit between the two, because the striped bass aren’t really a deep ocean fish. The flounder go out and spawn in the winter time, they are out off there and I don’t know what the life cycle of the dolphin are, do they spend a lot of time that far offshore?
Jacob Krause: So, when we think about weakfish going offshore in the wintertime it still remains somewhat of a mystery how far they go out, but it seems it would be within 10 to 15-miles of the shore maybe more depending on the typography of the shelf in that area. And what we find for instance with bottlenose dolphin is that there’s a population that lives between the Virginia boarder and New Jersey during the summer and they come down to North Carolina to overwinter off the nearshore shelf and so weakfish is in that same range and they follow that same movement.
Dr. Bogus: Is there any way Jacob of trying to fold in the mortality of the newly spawned fish that get caught in nets and things of that sort? Or is that really a number that we can’t get to?
Jacob Krause: It’s a difficult number to get at but there are from a fisheries gear perspective and what management does there are different indices that look at the number of fish that are spawned and so we can look at the number of larval fish and get an estimate on how many are there for instance in the summer, we would call “age zeros” and then the following spring we would use other gears maybe fisheries independent gill net survey or trawl surveys and see how many of those survived to the following year.
Dr. Bogus: How do you see this project going? You obviously are moving on, you’re writing things up and getting into cobia I hear, and where do you see this project going? Is there another step to this in either trying to manage of deal with the weakfish situation?
Jacob Krause: At this point I think the biggest thing is giving the information of what is the most likely reason for the weakfish decline in the population and from there managers and can incorporate that into the stock assessments and really use that information put some management strategies that may help these weakfish come back. It is difficult when there are a lot of other predators that are important to the fishery so sometimes maybe Mother Nature in the form of natural cycles within for instance bottlenose dolphin and striped bass may cause enough weakfish to survive the younger age classes to make it to harvestable size.
Dr. Bogus: It’s interesting when we’re talking to Tim Ellis with the speckled trout, and you now with the weakfish…it seems like in both cases the numbers of fish…the death of the are mostly natural causes. That seems to be the bottom line of both of these studies, is that correct?
Jacob Krause: Yes, natural mortality is really what shapes the dynamics or fluctuation within these populations and that makes it very difficult from a management perspective because managers can regulate harvest but you can’t tell a bottlenose dolphin not to eat a weakfish!
Ben Ball: Dr. Bogus you were talking about troutsicles for the speckled trout does that similarly affect the weakfish at all?
Jacob Krause: No, they should not be inshore in that amount where they would have the massive die-offs from the cold.
Dr. Bogus: They have taken another strategy than the speckled trout…
Jacob Krause: Which has its own costs and benefits as we have seen from the data here.
Dr. Bogus: Apparently so! Do you know what the major predator for the speckled trout are?
Jacob Krause: I have not looked at that so I’m not sure, but probably with what Tim Ellis has found it was COLD honestly is really the shaper of that! But anything, I would think bluefish, or anything that would interact within certain season, bluefish and other species like that.
Dr. Bogus: The number of the 1% survival from offshore to inshore plus or minus…
Jacob Krause: There is uncertainty in there but it shows that the magnitude of how many are not coming back.
- Macon State Park at Beaufort inlet. Ocean, rock jetty and inlet fishing down to the CG fence.
- Nature trail, Visitors’ Center, summer concerts too.
- Don’t forget the swimming beach to the west, renovated pavilion.
- Atlantic Beach
- Henderson Street Atlantic Beach town access (former location of Triple S Pier).
- New Bern Street Atlantic Beach, town access, just east of Oceanana Fishing Pier.
- Oceanana Pier.
- The “Circle” in Atlantic Beach.
- Sheraton/Double Tree Hotel, far west end of Atlantic Beach.
- Pine Knoll Shores has many access points labeled A-K (11 sites) I have listed ones I have fished
- PKS Access “B” at Knollwood St., mile marker 5 ½.
- Memorial Park at mile marker 6.
- Iron Steamer access “F”, site of former IS Pier mile marker 7 ½. The old wreck and pier are to the left where the stairs are from the houses leading to the beach. I fish all the way down to the Whaler Inn.
- Indian Beach/Salter Path
- Newly renovated Carteret County Beach access at mile marker 10 ½.
- Indian Beach vehicle beach access also has parking for vehicles mile marker 11.
- Indian Beach access on the high dunes just east of the old Indian Beach Pier around mile marker 12 near Emerald Isle Indian Beach town line. Pier was lost in 1999 to Dennis/Floyd.
- Emerald Isle
- Third St. just a bit west of the old Indian Beach Pier at mile 12 ½.
- Emerald Isle Eastern Regional Ocean Access, former location of Emerald Isle pier lost to Bertha and Fran 1996. Mile marker 15.
- Bogue Pier. Lots of structure at and around pier. Keep 200-feet from pier to fish. There are markers on both sides indicating 200-feet buffer zone. Mile marker 19 ½.
- Emerald Isle Western Regional Ocean Access next to Islander Suites off Islander Dr. at mile marker 20 ½.
- The “Point” in Emerald Isle at Bogue Inlet across from Bear Island found near the end of Coast Guard road at the end of Inlet Drive. You can fish the ocean, Bogue Inlet walk north to the connected CG “Island” and also fish the CG Channel. Lots of options here. There is parking at CG Road and Station Drive.
Dr. Bogus’ BOOK CLUB
- Science based on fishes and their world and the “why” (as we understand it) of fish behavior.
- What Fish See, Understanding the optics and color shifts for designing lures and flies.
- By Colin J Kageyama
- Through the Fish’s Eye, An anglers guide to fish behavior.
- By Mark Sosin & John Clark
- The Fisherman’s Ocean, How marine science can help you find and catch more fish.
- By David A Ross
- Sharks, Skates and Rays of the Carolinas
- By Frank J Schwartz (IMF)
- North Carolina’s Ocean Fishing Piers, from Kitty Hawk to Sunset Beach.
- By Al Baird (NCFPS)
- Striped Bass Chronicles, The saga of America’s great Game fish.
- By George Reiger
- The Most Important Fish in the Sea
- By H Bruce franklin
- Striped Bass Fishing (classic)
- By Frank Woolner, Henry Lyman
- How To Books (Venue)
- Mike Marsh:
- Inshore Angler, Coastal Carolina’s Small Boat Fishing Guide
- Offshore Angler, Carolina’s Mackerel Boat Fishing Guide
- Mike Marsh:
- North Carolina’s Ocean Fishing Piers, from Kitty Hawk to Sunset Beach.
- What Fish See, Understanding the optics and color shifts for designing lures and flies.
- Fishing North Carolina (from the mountains to the coast)
- Joe Malat (Pamphlets)
- Pier Fishing, How to catch more fish from Atlantic and Gulf Coast piers
- Surf Fishing, Catching fish from the beach, when, where and how.
- Let’s Go Crabbing
- Surf and Saltwater Fishing in the Carolina’s
- By Jeffery Weeks
- The Complete Book of Surf Fishing
- By Capt. Al Ristori
- Coastal Fishing in the Carolina’s
- By Robert J Goldstein
- Surf Fishing the Atlantic Coast
- By Eric B Burnley
- Inshore Fishing the Carolinas’ Coasts, Finding and catching the most popular salt-water Game Fish
- By Bob Newman
- The Saltwater Fisherman’s Bible
- By Erwin A Bauer, revised by Bob Sterns
- Pier Fishing in North Carolina
- By Robert J Goldstein
- Specific Technique Books
- Fly Rodding the Coast
- By Ed Mitchell
- The Complete Kayak Fisherman
- By Ric Burnley
- How to Fish Plastic Baits in Saltwater, A complete guide to rigging and fishing plastic lures to catch your favorite gamefish
- By Capt. Jim White
- Flyfishing the Southeast Coast, A complete guide to fishing fresh and salt water.
- By Gordon Churchill
- Get Info!
- Ken Schultz’s Fishing Encyclopedia
- By Ken Shultz
- How to Read a North Carolina Beach, Bubble holes, barking sands and rippled runnels
- Orin H Pilkey, Tracey Monegan Rice, William J Neal
- Common Marine Fishes of North Carolina
- By Frank J Schwartz (IMF)
- By Vlad Evanoff
- Salt Water Fishing Rigs (Pamphlet)
- Salt Water Bait Fishes (Pamphlet)
- The Bluefish Cookbook
- By Greta Jacobs & Jane Alexander
- Nature Guide to the Carolina Coast, Common birds, crabs, shells, fish and other entities if the Coastal Environment
- By Peter Meyer
- Douglas Adams
- So Long and Thanks for all the Fish
- The Salmon of Doubt (Terry Jones finished the book after DA’s death)
- All Fishermen are Liars, True tails from the dry dock bar.
- Linda Greenlaw
- Standing in a River Waving a Stick
- By John Gierach
- In the Heart of the Sea (Nantucket whaling & movie, based on real events)
- By Nathaniel Philbrick
- Douglas Adams
- Ken Schultz’s Fishing Encyclopedia
- Fly Rodding the Coast
November water temps like October were wildly fluctuating from early to late month. Surf had a high of 68 °, low of 52° a drop of 16° in about three weeks with an average of 62.6°. Sound had a high of 70° and low of 44° an amazing difference of 26°and an average of 58.2°. The difference between high and low for November in the surf and sound was almost the same as October, which in itself was very unusual. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.
October water temps were unusual and very wildly fluctuating from early to late month. Surf had a high of 82°, low of 65° a drop of 17° in about three weeks with an average of 74.3°. October is normally the month with the biggest change, but this is over twice what I normally see. May shows the biggest difference (increase) for spring temperatures. Sound had a high of 85° and high of 59° an amazing difference of 26°and an average of 70.4°. Surf continues to be dirty, there is a lot of fine particulate stuff along the surf and sound that is stirred up with even any slightest disturbance. Check out the graph, blue diamonds are the surf, red squares are the sound temperatures.